Wheat (Tríticum, lat.) Is an annual plant crop belonging to the family of cereals. Wheat is the most important food crop. Flour obtained from wheat grains in the food industry is used to make bread, pastry and pasta. Wheat grains are also used for the production of malt and alcohol, the industrial production of starch, and also as animal feed.
Wheat grains contain a tensile gluten, consisting of proteins and determining the elasticity and firmness of the dough when it is mixed with water. This is what causes the high value of wheat as an agricultural unit and an object of intramarket and international trade. Mass fraction of gluten in the grain is one of the most important indicators of grain quality.